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Meeting Trees Free Unit Study

Meeting Trees

Author:  Scott Russell Sanders
Illustrator:  Robert Hynes
ISBN:  0792241401
Summary:  As a boy and his father walk in the woods near their home, they share what they know about the bark, leaves, and fruit of the different species they see.



A literature-based unit study by:  Celia L. Hartmann and Ami Brainerd

This unit would also be good to do during the week your state celebrates Arbor Day.

Find out when your state celebrates Arbor Day



A Homeschool Share Family Meeting a Tree!
 


Geography:  Our story does not give the specific location of the story.  However, we can make an educated guess as to the general location.  The trees and animals mentioned are common to the eastern United States.    The author's note at the end tells us that this story represents one walk among the hundreds that he took with his father when he was young.  Scott Russell Sanders grew up in Ohio in the Ohio River Valley.  Make a story disk and place on an appropriate state.  Choose Ohio or perhaps choose another eastern state if you've already covered Ohio. 

Social Studies -- Father/Son Relationships: Scott and his father seem to share a special, close relationship.  They did woodworking together and took walks together.  Scott's father taught him about trees and played games with him.  He shared and passed on his love of trees to his son.  The author wrote this story as a way to say thank you to his father, for the many walks they took together and for sharing his love of trees.   Ask your student to tell you about a person in his life with whom he shares a special relationship.  

Writing Project:  Have him write a story (or narrate for you to write) to give to that special person, as a way of saying thanks for that person's time and love.

Social Studies -- Uses of Trees:  Scott and his father used a board from a walnut tree to make a stool for Scott's grandmother.  Scott mentioned that his father made his bed and dresser and desk and that he also made his tree house and some wooden toy trucks.  What else do we get from trees?  We get paper, fruit (apples, cherries, bananas, pears, peaches), nuts (pecans, walnuts, almonds), spices and flavorings (cinnamon and maple syrup), instruments (guitars, violins, woodwinds), shade, oxygen.  Don't forget that animals get homes!

Field Trip:  Visit a wood shop and a lumber company.  

Use this website to guess which things come from wood:  
    http://www.freenetwork.org/kids/comes_from_trees.html

Occupations -- Dendrologist:   A scientist who studies trees is called a dendrologist.  While Scott and his father were not actual dendrologists, they did study trees very closely.  They ran their fingers over the bark,  traced the outline of the leaves, studied the nuts and fruits of the trees, etc.  By doing so, Scott and his father learned a great deal about trees.  They knew trees the same way they knew friends--"by their character, their shapes and habits, by where and how they lived.  All of that knowledge added up to love."  (From the author's note at the end.)  Tell your student he is going to be a Junior Dendrologist this week!   Upon completion of this unit study, you might wish to print out a  certificate for your Junior Dendrologist (you will need the free Adobe Reader to open this file).


Language Arts -- Similes:  This story has many examples of similes (use like or as or seems to describe.)  Go over several with your student.  Point out how the similes can help him remember which tree is which!  Have him make up his own similes.  

 
smooth gray bark like the skin of a hippo
leaves shaped like tulips
patchy as an old quilt
willow leaves are like feathers
leaves of redbuds are like valentine hearts
sassafras has leaves like mittens
sweetgum leaves look like zigzag stars
leaves of white oaks curve up and down like roller coasters
maple seeds come spinning down like propellers
elm seeds skitter down like confetti
buckeye seeds turn shiny and brown like the eyes of a deer
leaflets all lined up on their twigs like cross-ties on a railroad track
 
Prepared Simile - Crossword Puzzle

Language Arts -- Word Choice:  Mr. Sanders uses words like "birds twittering, squirrels chattering, and wind whooshing" .... "minnows flickering."  Remember too the similes the author choose. The author's choice of words really helps us visualize the scenes.  Stories would be very boring if we did not use strong words.  Think about which sounds better:  the words the Mr. Sanders used or "birds singing, squirrels making noise, and wind blowing."  Which word choices help you visualize it?  Help your child understand that there are different ways of saying the same thing, and that some ways are better, stronger, more precise.

Activity:  Have your student make better word choices for word walk.  Perhaps: meander, glide, saunter, amble.  Now have him try the word big or said.   Now have him use more precise words for the following sentence:  The small fish swam in the water.    There are many possibilities, but perhaps something like:  The tiny fish darted through the muddy creek.   Have your student try other words or other sentences, until he understands that using stronger words helps a reader visualize better.

Similar activity:  http://www.edina.k12.mn.us/concord/teacherlinks/sixtraits/wordactivity.htm

Writing Activity:  Have your student brainstorm to come up with some really good, strong word choices and then have him use one or two in a sentence.

Websites:
    List of some interesting words:  http://www.edina.k12.mn.us/concord/teacherlinks/sixtraits/interestingwords.htm


Language Arts -- Poetry Tie-in:    Alfred Joyce Kilmer (better known as Joyce Kilmer) was an American poet who lived 100 years ago.  Before he was killed in World War I, he wrote a very famous poem entitled Trees.  Have your student write or memorize and then recite the poem.  

                        Trees
I think that I shall never see
A poem lovely as a tree.
A tree whose hungry mouth is prest
Against the sweet earth's flowing breast;
A tree that looks at God all day,
And lifts her leafy arms to pray;
A tree that may in summer wear
A nest of robins in her hair;
Upon whose bosom snow has lain;
Who intimately lives with rain.
Poems are made by fools like me,
But only God can make a tree.


With an older student, you may wish to discuss anthropomorphism.  Anthropomorphism is when a writer applies either animal or human qualities to an inanimate object.  In the case of the poem Trees, Joyce Kilmer gave human qualities to the tree.  The tree has a mouth and hair, looks up at God, raises it's leafy arms to pray, etc.  Have your student write something using anthropomorphism.  (e.g.  The craggy-faced mountain with the snow white hair looked down upon the others.)



Art -- Nature Journal:   Give your  student a sketchbook (or make one by three-hole punching copy paper and putting a pretty cover on it and tying yarn through the holes).  Let your child draw different trees, leaves, fruit, and animals he sees.  Let him study a leaf, a twig, and a pinecone up close and draw it.  

Art -- Bark & Leaf Rubbings:   Remove the paper from a couple of crayons  (maybe brown for the bark and green or fall colors for the leaves).  Gather several sheets of plain white paper (printer/copy paper works great).  Have your student hold the paper onto a tree and gently rub the crayon (lengthwise) over the left side of the paper.  An impression of the bark will come through.  Next take a leaf from the same tree and lay it under the right side of the same sheet of paper and do a leaf rubbing in the same manner.  Write the name of the tree on the paper with it's rubbings.  When possible, have the student include the similes used in the story. Repeat with several trees....each on a separate sheet of paper.  Punch the papers, make a pretty cover, and tie yarn to hold it together to make a pretty tree book.
 


Math -- Circles, Circumference, Diameter, and Pi  :  

Gather supplies:  paper, yarn, a drinking glass or similar object for a small circle, a small butter bowl or similar object for a medium circle, and a large butter tub or similar object for a large circle.

Ask your student to name the shape of a tree's trunk (circle).    Tell your student that today we're going to learn something very special about circles.   Draw a circle on the board.  The circumference of a circle is a measurement of the outside edge of the circle.  If your student has already learned about perimeter, tell him that circumference is like perimeter, only we have a curved object and not a straight one.  If we draw a straight line across the middle of the circle, that is called the diameter of a circle.  Measuring the diameter is easy because we can just use our ruler.  But how are we going to measure the circumference?   Discuss ideas.  Praise him if he comes up with the idea laying a string/yarn around the circle.

Have your student carefully trace an upturned glass on a piece of paper.  Help him draw a line straight across the middle of the circle.  Take a piece of yarn and lay it around the edge (the circumference) of the drawn circle.  Carefully cut it to the correct size.   Now take the cut yarn and lay it out flat.  Have your student measure it on this prepared worksheet.  Now take another piece of yarn and place it over the middle line (the diameter).  Cut it carefully and have your student measure and record that information.

Now have him take his diameter string and use it to measure the circumference string he laid out.  Have him note on his worksheet that it took a little more than 3 diameter string lengths.

Now repeat the process two more times using the two butter bowls (medium and large).   Your student should have recorded on the worksheet that for each circle, it took a little more than 3 diameter lengths to equal the circumference.  

Help him understand that no matter what size the circle is, that when you use that circle's diameter, it will always take a little more than three diameters to equal the circumference.  Didn't God make circles special!  How cool!  When man discovered this nifty little trick, he gave it funny name.....pi, which is said just like the dessert we eat (pie).   Write the pi symbol on the board    and explain that we use that symbol to represent a little more than 3.
 
Have him answer the question on the worksheet.  (Answer:  It always took the same number of diameters to make the circumference, a little more than 3.)  Have him draw the  symbol at the bottom and label it as pi.

With an older student (one who has been introduced to decimals already) you may wish to explain that pi is a a number that, when carried out to 5 digits, stands for 3.14159.  Also discuss how the numbers after the decimal place NEVER repeat!!!  (That makes it an irrational  number.)   Pi Day.org claims that pi had been carried out (with the help of computers) to the 51 bilLionth place and it still does not repeat!!!  Wow!   (More circumference and diameter math practice for the older student can be found at this site.)

Math go-along book:  Sir Cumference and the Dragon of Pi by Cindy Neuschwander  (Highly recommended!)

Websites concerning pi :

 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pi
http://mathforum.org/dr.math/faq/faq.pi.html
 

Note:  If you are doing this unit during the time period that includes March 14th (3/14, 3-14, or 3.14), you may wish to wish your student Happy Pi Day and serve him a little more than three rings (circles) of pineapples for breakfast, snack, or dessert!!!  Could also serve any kind of pie (if you make a two-crusted pie, take out a bit of the crust dough and form it into the shape of pi and place on the top crust before you bake it).  


Health / Safety: Before  going out into the woods, be sure you and your child know how to identify Poison Ivy, Poison Oak, and Poison Sumac.   Poison Ivy generally has 3 leaves and grows more in Eastern States.  Its new growth is often tinged red and its leaves turn red in fall.  Poison Oak also has 3 leaves (which resemble an Oak tree's leaves).  It grows more in Western States.  Poison Sumac has 7 to 13 leaves, each having a red vein.  It likes to grow in swampy, wet areas.  Another plant, Jewelweed, often grows near Poison Ivy and the juices of it will help sooth your skin if you do get Poison Ivy.  So if you get into Poison Ivy, look around for Jewelweed, open the stems, and rub some of the juices on.  Indians used it not only for Poison Ivy, but also mosquito bites.  It is also known as Touch-Me-Not.  (You may wish to pick several stems and place them in a freezer bag for later use.)

Also be sure your student knows not to put Pokeweed berries in their mouth!

From the FDA website:
   

Identification Please

Unfortunately, poison ivy, oak and sumac don't grow with little picture ID badges around their stems, so you have to know what to look for. The famous rule "leaves of three, let it be" is good to follow, except that some of the plants don't always play by the rules and have leaves in groups of five to nine. To avoid these plants and their itchy consequences, here's what to look for.

Poison Ivy

Poison Oak

Poison Sumac


Learn the Poison Ivy Poem:

    Leaves of three?  Let it be! (Spring/Summer/Fall)
    Berries white? Take flight!  (Fall..note: Poison Ivy, Poison Oak, &Poison Sumac all have whitish berries.)
    A hairy rope? Don't be a dope! (Winter)

Links to pictures that will help you identify Poison Ivy, Poison Oak, and Poison Sumac.  

Another link to pictures and a quiz to test yourself.

Two myths about these plants......I've touched it before and didn't break out, so I'm immune to it  and  It's dead, so it's OK to touch.  Neither statement is true.  You can develop an allergy to anything at anytime in your life.  And the poison in these plants can last up to 5 years, even if the plant itself is dead.


Science -- Woodland Animals:  Several are mentioned in the story.  Here is a list:

Swallowtail Butterfly
Owls
Bats
Mice
Robin
Squirrels
Crayfish
Minnows
Argiope spider--black & yellow  (We call them garden spiders --see pictures!)
Deer
Luna Moth  Caterpillar   (Note:  two different links, one to the moth and one to the caterpillar)
Cedar Waxwing (not mentioned in story but shown on page with the squirrel and deer)

Have your student choose a couple animals that he is less familiar with to research, draw/color, and learn more about.

Classification  & Writing Activity: Have your student classify and then write out the list of the animals mentioned in the story in his best handwriting.  Or, if you are keeping an index card file for animal classification (as recommended in Five in a Row), add any animals not currently on file.  Use the cards to classify the animals from the story in various ways.

Science -- Trees:  Several are mentioned in the story.  Here is a list:
Walnut
Dogwood
Beech
Yellow Poplar
Shagbark Hickory
White Birch
Sycamore
Wild Cherry
Willow                
Redbud
Sassafras
Red Pine
White Pine
Sweetgum
White Oak
Maple
Elm
Mulberry
Holly
Buckeye
Persimmon
Black Walnut
Northern Red Oak
Southern Red Oak

Writing Activity:  Make an alphabetized list of those mentioned in the story.  Or have the child use this form to note where these trees would fall within a dictionary.  Prepared Worksheets-- Beginner; Advanced.  

Classification & Writing Activity:  Discuss with your student that just like animals, trees can also classified.  They are either an evergreen or a broadleaf.   Most evergreen trees--the ones whose seeds are inside cones--are also known as conifers.  Evergreens do not have leaves that drop each fall.  Instead they usually have thin needles.   Broadleaf trees have flatter, wider leaves.  And they usually have leaves that drop in the fall and new ones that grow in the Spring.  Trees that drop their leaves in the fall are known as deciduous trees.  
With an older student, you may wish to discuss exogenous and endogenous tree classification.

Parts of a Tree:       
The upper part of the tree is called the crown or the canopy.
The trunk is the main support for the tree.
The branches (or limbs) come out of the trunk.
The roots are usually underground and are how the tree gets its food and water.

The bark is the outer protective part of the trunk.
The inner bark (or phloem) carries the food to the other parts of the tree.
The cambian is a single layer of living cells between the inner bark and the sapwood.  The cambian makes the inner bark and the sapwood.
The sapwood is between the cambian and the heartwood.  Each year, the cambian makes a new layer of sapwood and this is what makes the rings that we count to get the age of a tree.  The sapwood carries water and some nutrients to the tree.
The innermost part of a tree is called the heartwood.  It is the core of tree.  It is old, dead sapwood and it is very strong.


Worksheet to label the parts of a tree
     
Interactive tree to learn more about the parts of a tree:
     
Crossword puzzle


Identification Activity: Discuss with your child about how we identify trees.  We use the bark of the tree, the shapes of the leaves, the fruit they give, etc. to help us figure out the kind of tree we are looking at.  Go for a walk in the woods and "meet trees."  Study the bark. Look at the leaves. Is there any fruit?  Use these to help you identify the tree.   Take along the storybook or a field guide.  Or come back and use  one of these websites to help you identify.

http://www.oplin.org/tree/
http://forestry.about.com/cs/treeid/a/100_trees_id.htm
http://www.arborday.org/trees/treeID.cfm


If you can, go out into the woods several times, until you can play the same game that Scott and his father played (asking your student to find a particular tree by describing something about it.)  Remember to use some of the similes from the story!  Do this during different seasons as well.

One thing I like to do is collect a nice specimen of various kinds of leaves.  Snip off any stems.  Take these somewhere to be laminated.  This is especially nice if you can use the thicker laminating plastic.  Cut around the shape of the leaf, but leave a decent edge so as not to have any open air pockets.   Then use a Sharpie and write the name of each tree on each leaf.  They can then be used like flash cards to help your child learn to identify by leaves.  My laminated leaves are two years old now and still holding up well!

Field Trip:  Go to a Nature Center or an Arboretum and have a guide tell you about the different trees and how to identify them.

Websites:

Use this website to match the leaf with it's tree.

Or use the site's Fun Facts section, for interactive learning.
 


Bible  

There are many trees mentioned in the Bible.  Choose one or two to discuss with your child.  
 
The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil:  Read Chapters 2 and 3 of Genesis.  This tree was in the middle of the Garden of Eden, from which it was forbidden of Adam and Eve to eat.  
The Tree of Life:  Mentioned in Genesis 2:9 and Rev. 22.  The fruit of this tree gives everlasting life.
Cedars of Lebanon:  Mentioned  over 70 times in the Bible.  
Tree of Jesse:  The family tree of Jesus.  (If you do a Jesse Tree for Advent, discuss it now.)
"The Tree"  another name for The Cross of Calvary.  (Acts 13:29, 1 Peter 2:24)

Have your older student research one of these Biblical trees further and write about he has learned.

Memory verse:

Psalm 1: 1-3

Blessed is the man
    that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly,
nor standeth in the way of sinners,
    nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.
But his delight is in the law of the LORD;
    and in his law doth he meditate day and night.
And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water,
    that bringeth forth his fruit in his season;
his leaf also shall not wither;
    and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.
 

Singing Hills and Mountains and Clapping Trees?!?:   Did you know that the Bible mentions a time when the trees will clap and the hills and mountains will sing!?!  Read Isaiah 55:12.

For ye shall go out with joy,
    and be led forth with peace:
the mountains and the hills shall break forth
    before you into singing,
and all the trees of the field shall clap their hands. 
 

Songs to Sing:  Tree of Life by Fannie Crosby or Trees of the Field (You Shall Go Out With Joy) based on Isaiah 55:12 by Rubin & Dauerman


Other Ideas and More Resources

Craft -- Make a Twig Frame:   See samples/instructions at:
    http://www.enchantedlearning.com/crafts/frames/twig/index.shtml
    http://www.ci.tacoma.wa.us/envirokids/Projects/twig_frame.htm
    http://fun.familyeducation.com/childrens-art-activities/crafts/35191.html   

Leaf Paintings:    You can choose to put leaves down on a paper and the splatter paint over and around it, so that when you carefully take the leaves off you have an outline of the leaf in white (or whatever color your paper is).  Or you can put the paint directly on the leaf and place it on the paper and when you carefully take the leaf off, you have an colored leaf shape.  When my youngest was in preschool, they painted the leaves and placed them on a white t-shirt and then splatter painted around them.  When that was dry, they used a Sharpie and wrote the names of each tree on their leaves.  They also did the back of the t-shirt.  This could a be fun end-of-unit activity...and a great souvenir for your unit!



Edible Forest Plants:  Discuss edible forest plants and use some in cooking.  Enjoy some sassafras tea or make a hickory nut cake.   Here's a link to some edible plants and recipes:  http://www.ohiodnr.com/parks/explore/brochures/wildedibles.htm

Plant a tree seedling!   Arbor Day is the last Friday of April, but you can plant one anytime except winter (though the best time is Spring and Fall)

Arbor Day Crafts at Enchanted Learning

In the Hands of a Child Plants Pack

Join the National Arbor Day Foundation!    

State Trees:  Each state has it's own special tree.  Have your student make a list of states he likes and look up and write down what each state's tree is.
    Websites:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._state_trees  (Includes Guam; each is linked
        to pictures and more information about the state tree.)
http://www.usna.usda.gov/Gardens/collections/statetreeflower.html   (Includes Guam)
http://www.50states.com/tree/
 

Play some on-line Games  

Dictionary Skills

Fun activities, songs, and games

More Ideas from the Arbor Day Foundation

 
More crafts

More Tree Math:  Have your older student research to learn how a tree's age can be determined without cutting it down and counting the rings (hint:  use the tree's diameter.)   Also have him research to learn how the height of a tree can be found without climbing the tree and sending a tape measure down to the ground (hint: shadows or yardsticks or hypsometer).
 

Library Lists

Go Along Books for this week:

    Tell Me, Tree:  All About Trees for Kids by Gail Gibbons
    Have You Seen Trees? by Joanne Oppenheim
    Old Elm Speaks:  Tree Poems  by Kristine O'Connell George
    Trees by Harry Behn
    I Have a Tree by Lillie D. Chaffin
    A Tree is Growing by Arthur Dorros
    Sky Tree by Thomas Locker
    Trees by Jonathan Pine
    A Tree is Nice by Janice May Udry (Caldecott Award)
    Be a Friend to Trees by Patricia Lauber (Let's Read and Find Out Science)
    
When God Made the Tree by Virginia Kroll
  
Reference books you may wish to have on hand for this week:
    National Geographic Field Guide to the Trees of North America by Keith Rushforth and Charles Hollis
    Trees:  North American Trees Identified by Leaf, Bark, and Seed (Fandex Guide) by Steven M. L. Aronson
    Crinkleroot's Guide to Knowing the Trees by Jim Arnosky
    Forest Explorer:  A Life-Size Field Guide by Nic Bishop
    WoodsWalk:  Peepers, Porcupines, & Exploding Puffballs:  What You'll See, Hear, & Smell when exploring the Woods.  by Henry W. Art and Michael W. Robbins
    In the Woods:  Exploring, Discovering, Observing, Playing, Crafts (See, Make and Do Series)  by Pamela Hickman  (pp. 14-17 go well with this story.)
   Handbook of Nature-Study by Anna Comstock
    A Walker's Companion by Elizabeth Ferber, et al.  (This is an excellent guide for amateur naturalists that help you know what to look for.  Great for any season and
    any location!)
    The Easy Tree Guide:  Common Native and Cultivated Trees of the United States and Canada by Keith Rushforth
   
For additional tree activities, try these books:
    Talking to Fireflies, Shrinking the Moon:  Nature Activities for All Ages by Edward Duensing  (this book is more for the parents, the author "reminds us that something always watches you when you walk in the woods--you just need to know where, and how, to look.")
    The Kids Nature Book:   365 Indoor/Outdoor Activities and Experiences (a Williamson Kids Can book) by Susan Milord.  (One nature-related activity for each day of the year!  Most involve no or very little cost.)
    
 


Miscellaneous

If you have time (at least one month prior to rowing this book), go to http://order.iplifeoftheforest.com/ and order the Classroom Kit (use the extra booklets for a co-op rowing of Meeting Trees or to give to friends).  It is a very nice kit!  Celia highly recommends it.   Or you can download them  at  (But I imagine this would take a lot of ink!)

Parents:  You may also wish to learn more about tree identification.  Try a four day e-course that arrives in your inbox
 
Opening and Closing Pinecones contributed by Jen Unsell
pinecone 
oven preheated to 250 degrees 
Bucket of cold water 

Place the pinecone in the bucket of cold water. Check your pinecone in an hour. Has it made any changes? Record what you observe on a sheet. 
Place the pinecone in an oven that has been preheated to 250. Check your pinecone in an hour. Has it made any changes? 
Record what you observe. If you find a seed deep inside your pinecone, why not plant it and grow a tree inside?