The Legend of the Easter Egg
Illustrator: James Bernardin
In The Legend of the Easter Egg, young Thomas learns the deeper meaning behind Easter eggs and the Easter story itself. When his older sister, Lucy, falls sick, Thomas goes to stay with John and Mary Sonneman at their candy store. But all the candy he could desire does not cure Thomas’s aching heart. Only when Mary Sonneman shares with him the story of Easter does he understand the hope he has—and what he can do about his sister’s illness.
Unit, Lapbook, and Photos Prepared by Jolanthe Erb
Faberge Octagon Egg Book
Time is It?
Clip-art and Photos for Decoration
Celebrations Tab Book
Compare Contrast Eggs Split Matchbook
Where is Russia Shutterfold
Where is Russia (smaller version)
as the Ash Simple Fold
Dusty as the Ash (smaller version)
Coloring Eggs (smaller version)
Vocabulary Pocket With Eggs
|Easter Egg Symbolism Matchbook||Egg Poem||Egg Parts Envelope Coloring Eggs|
Memory Verse (Isaiah 1:18 or Luke 24:5-6)
Lapbook Component: Memory Verse
During the Good Friday service at church, the minister used Isaiah 1:18: "Though your sins be as scarlet they shall be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they will be like wool.”
Mary talked to Thomas about Easter Sunday. Luke 24: 5-6: "Then the men asked, 'Why are you looking in a tomb for someone who is alive? He isn’t here! He has risen from the dead!'”
Good Friday and
Lapbook Component: Easter Celebrations
(Read Mark 15)
Good Friday is celebrated on the Friday before Easter Sunday. Good Friday is the day that we remember Christ’s crucifixion at Calvary. We remember how Jesus was arrested and handed over to the Roman soldiers. He was beaten and a crown of thorns was put on his head. Later, Jesus was made to carry His own cross to Golgotha. There he was crucified along with two criminals.
According to the Bible, Jesus was crucified at 9 AM (Mark 15:25). At noon darkness fell across the whole land (Mark 15:33). At about three o’clock the darkness left and Jesus died (Matthew 15:34-37).
(Read Mark 16:1-9)
When Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to visit the tomb where Jesus was buried, they saw an angel. The angel told them not to be afraid. Jesus' body had not been taken by anyone. He had risen from the dead! The angel told the women to go and tell the disciples what they had seen. They were so excited, they ran all the way home to tell the disciples the good news! Jesus was alive! He had risen from the dead!
Jesus later appeared to many others: the disciples and other eyewitnesses. (I Corinthians 15:3-6) Jesus proved that He was the Messiah – the Lamb of God. He died on the cross and rose from the dead, something that no one else had ever done before, or would ever do again. He was God and man. He overcame sin, death and hell. Because He overcame those things, they no longer hold power over those who believe in Him. We are no longer slaves to sin and death. John 8:36 says, “Him who the Son has set free, is free indeed.”
Lapbook component: Communion
The church also celebrated communion together. Mark 14: 22-24 talks about the Last Supper and the meaning of the bread and wine. Read the passage and discuss with your student.
What is the
Symbolism of the Easter Egg?
Lapbook component: Easter Egg Symbolism
“Just as the chick breaks out of an egg, so had Jesus broken free of the tomb of death. Easter eggs remind us that Jesus conquered death and gives us eternal life.”
– adapted from
The Faberge Eggs: An Illustrated Overview
Lapbook Component: Faberge Octagon Egg Book
Faberge eggs are the most expensive eggs in the world. They are jeweled eggs that were made by Peter Carl Faberge and his assistants from 1885 to 1917 in St. Petersburg, Russia. Sixty eight eggs were created (56 Imperial eggs and another 12 for a Siberian gold mine owner) using precious metals or hard stones and decorated with enamel and gemstones. The eggs are considered masterpieces of jeweled art. Many of the eggs were created for Russian Tsars and private collectors.
The first egg was created in 1885 for the Tsar of Russia Alexander III as an Easter surprise for his wife. It looked very simple from the outside, but opened to reveal a golden yolk. The yolk itself had a golden hen inside it, which in turn had a tiny crown with a ruby hanging inside. His wife loved the gift and so each Easter following the tradition continued. The Tsar’s son, Nicholas II of Russia, continued the tradition, annually presenting an egg to his wife and also his mother. Each egg contained a surprise.
The themes and appearances of the eggs varied widely through the years. One egg contained an entire tiny train made of gold. The eggs were made of various metals and stones. Faberge often used natural stones found in the area. These included jasper, rhodonite, agate, lapis lazuli, and jade. Precious stones included sapphires, rubies, emeralds and diamonds. Semi-precious stones included moonstones, garnets, olivines, and Mecca stones. A technique used by Faberge included guilloche, a surface treatment that could make waves and striations in the design and could be done by machine or by hand.
During the Russian Revolution some of the eggs disappeared during looting, while some remained boxed up in vault of the Kremlin. In 1930, Joseph Stalin sold fourteen of the eggs to raise money, some being sold for as little as $400. Many were purchased by English Faberge dealers.
As of 2006, just twenty-one eggs remain in Russia, most of them on display at the Kremlin Armory Museum. Smaller collections are in the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, New Orleans Museum of Art and other museums around the world. Twelve eggs are in private collections, and eight are still missing. A total of sixty eggs are known to still exist today.
Lapbook component: Where is Russia Color
If you study Faberge eggs, it would be a great time to study the country of Russia. Where is it? Do any oceans border it? What other countries border it? What continent is in on? How far are you from Russia? Could you get there by car?
European Russia is the mass of Russian land west of the Ural Mountains. It is not a separate country, but rather called European Russia because of its political and cultural blending with European countries and peoples.
St. Petersburg and Moscow (the capital) are located in European Russia. The entire country is geographically still considered a part of Asia.
The Russian Federation is spread over all climate zones except tropical and is the world’s largest country. Its land stretches halfway around the planet.
Moscow is the country’s major economic and political center. It is the seat of the President, the government and the State Duma.
Facts and Figures
Official name: Russian Federation
Population: 145, 934,000
Capital city: Moscow (8.4 milLion)
Largest cities: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Nizhnij Novgorod, Novosibirsk, and Sverdlovsk
Official language: Russian
Religions: Russian Orthodox, others
Land area: The country is approximately 5,592 miles west to east, with a total land area of 17, 075,400 sq km (6,592,812 sq miles)
Land Divisions: The Russian Federation is divided into 21 republics, 6 krays (federal territories), 2 federal cities, 49 regions, 1 autonomous region and 10 autonomous areas. It has 1, 067 major cities, with 12 having a population of 1 milLion or more.
Landforms: The European Plain or Volga River Plain extends from the Ural Mountains to its western borders. In the far southwest the Caucasus Mountains cross the land. The country's highest point, Mt. Elbrus, is located in the Caucasus Mountains and is 18,481 feet. The central and southern areas include large fertile areas, marsh, steppes (plains without trees) and massive coniferous forests. Siberia is a combination of frozen tundra, with rolling hills rising to plateaus, and numerous rugged mountain ranges. The northeast, south-central and southeast areas are covered by a wide variety of mountain ranges. There are active volcanoes on the Kamchatka Peninsula. Russia has more than 100,000 rivers with a length of 7 miles, or more. Significant rivers include the Volga, Dnieper and Dvina (in the east) and the Lena, Ob, and Yenisey (central). Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world, at 5,310 ft.
Figures of speech:
Lapbook Component: Dusty as the Ash
In the story, Thomas helps clean out the cookstove and his face gets dirty. He is wiped clean, “But inside, his heart felt as dusty and grey as the ash.”
Similes are a way to describe something. Similes are comparisons that show how two things that are not alike are similar in one way. Similes use the words “as” or “like” to make the connection between the two things that are being compared.
O my love is like a red, red rose.
His temper was as explosive as a volcano.
Lapbook component: Vocabulary Pocket With Eggs
The following is a small list of vocabulary words taken from the book.
bedlam – a time of confusion
pelt – to hit hard
conquer – to win or to overcome
mourn – to feel sad
trample – to crush or ruin
batter – to damage
smidgens – very small pieces
bound – to leap or jump
Lapbook Component: Egg Poem
by Sarah Benedetti
I take an egg
All shiny white
And then I dip
It out of sight.
I leave it there
Within the cup
Then after a minute
I pick it up.
It’s a lovely shade of green!
The prettiest Easter egg
I’ve ever seen.
Lapbook Component: What Time is It?
All the businesses in town closed at noon on Good Friday for the church service. Discuss the different times of day and when they start: morning, afternoon, and evening. Talk about the difference between AM and PM and also the difference between digital and analog clocks.
Days of the Week
Various days of the week are discussed throughout the book. The businesses closed early on Good Friday, Thomas cleaned the cookstove on Wednesday, and Easter is on Sunday. Practice the days of the week (or spelling of them). Are there certain things that happen on different days of the week?
Value, and Graphing
Provide each child with a small bag of jellybeans. Don’t count the jellybeans. All bags should contain a similar, but different, number (between 40 to 60) and a variety of jellybean colors.
Have your child estimate the number of jellybeans in their bags.
Have each child fold a sheet of paper in half. Label the left side of the sheet TENS and the right side ONES. Then count out 10 jellybeans on the ONES side of the sheet. Each time 10 jellybeans are in the ONES column, have them take one jellybean in the TENS column to represent a group of 10 jellybeans and put the other nine aside. Keep doing this with all the jellybeans until they have all been counted. At the end of the activity, figure out how many groups of 10 jellybeans their bag contained. Questions to ask: How many single jellybeans are left over in the ONES column? How many jellybeans did their bag contain? How close was their guess from the previous activity?
How many of each color jellybean are there in the bag? Have your child count and graph the number of each color jellybean. They can create various types of graphs: a pictograph, a bar graph, or another type of graph using the data they collected. Which color do they have the most of? The least?
Between White and Brown Eggs
Lapbook Component: Compare Contrast Eggs
White eggs come from white chickens and brown eggs come from brown (or brownish) chickens. There are many different varieties of chickens, but there is a secret to telling what color eggs that a chicken will lay: look at their ear tufts or earlobes (did you even know chickens had earlobes?). The outer layer of the eggshell will always be about the same color as the earlobe of the chicken that laid it.
White eggs in our grocery store usually come from the White Leghorn breed of chicken. The brown eggs come from breeds such as the Plymouth Rock, the Rhode Island Red, and the New Hampshire. These breeds are generally a reddish-brown color.
There is no nutritional difference in the white and brown eggs.
Parts of an Egg
Lapbook Component: Egg Parts Envelope
The egg has four basic parts: the shell, the air space, the albumen and the yolk. The shell of the egg is the protective covering. It has very tiny openings which we cannot see with our eyes (it is porous). When a baby chick hatches, the shell is cracked open. We do not eat the egg shells, but they can be used as compost in our gardens to make the soil rich. The air space is a small pocket of air in the large end of the egg. It is between the shell and the albumen (the egg white). The air space acts as a cushion for the baby chick as it is developing. The yellow part of the egg is called the yolk. On the yolk there is a small white spot called the germinal disk or the egg cell. The baby chick develops from this part of the egg. While the baby chick is developing, the yolk will provide food for the chick. The thick, clear substance that surrounds the yolk is called the albumen. We also call it the egg white. In the albumen, there are some small white strands of material that hold the yolk in the center of the egg shell. These strands are called chalazae (pronounced shah-LAY-zee). The eggs that we buy at the store are not fertile eggs. That means that baby chicks will not grow inside them or hatch.
Weather: Hail and
Lapbook Component: Weather Flap Book
What is hail? Hail is a large frozen raindrop made by intense thunderstorms. In these storms there can be both snow and rain. As the snowflakes fall, liquid water freezes onto them and they form ice pellets. These pellets grow as more and more droplets are accumulated. When they reach the bottom of the cloud, some of the ice pellets are carried by the updraft back up to the top of the storm, where it freezes because of the high elevation. The cycle repeats until the weight of the hailstone is too heavy for the updraft. It then falls down to the ground. Some hailstones can be as large as a baseball.
What is freezing rain? Freezing rain develops as falling snow meets a layer of warm air. The snow melts and becomes rain. As the rain falls, it passes through a thin layer of cold air which cools it to a temperature below freezing. The drops themselves do not freeze though (called supercooling). When the supercooled drops strike the frozen ground (or other object like tree branches), they instantly freeze and form a thin layer of ice.
Natural Egg Dyes
There are several things that can be used to make natural egg dyes. Wash eggs in mild soap water to remove any oily coating on the egg (otherwise the dye may be prevented from adhering to the egg). Cover the eggs with water; add ¼ tsp of white vinegar, and one of the following items. Bring eggs to a boil and simmer for 20 minutes.
Green gold: yellow Delicious apple peels
Golden orange: yellow onion peels
Blue: canned blueberries or red cabbage leaves
Mauve: grape juice
Yellow: Orange or lemon peels, carrot tops, celery seed, ground cumin, or tumeric
Lapbook Component: Eggsperiments
- a hard boiled egg
- a raw egg
- 1 egg (hard boiled is less messy)
- 1 cup vinegar
- clear jar or glass
1 cup of vinegar into the jar
2. Add the egg
3. Record what you see (bubbles should rise from the egg)
4. Leave the egg in the vinegar for one day
5. Remove the egg and feel it
6. Record your observations (egg shell will be soft)
Why did this happen?
Eggs contain something called “calcium carbonate”. This is what makes them hard. Vinegar is an acid known as acetic acid. When calcium carbonate and acetic acid (the vinegar) combine, a chemical reaction takes place and carbon dioxide (a gas) is released. This is why you see the bubbles. The chemical reaction keeps happening until all of the carbon in the egg is used up.
When you take the egg out of the vinegar it's soft because all of the carbon floated out of the egg in those little bubbles.
- raw egg
- your hand
Make sure you hold the egg in the palm of your hand. No fingers. Do not wear any rings. What will happen to the egg is you squeeze it with one hand as hard as you can? The egg should not break! Try it!
Why didn’t the egg break?
An egg shell is very strong because it is in the shape of an oval. An oval is one of the strongest shapes in the world because it spreads a force equally over the entire surface.
ART / CRAFT IDEAS
You can use broken eggshells to create pretty mosaics. To dye eggshells, immerse them in a small amount of hot water with a few drops of food coloring. A drop of vinegar will help se the color. The longer you leave the shells in the coloring, the more varied the dye shade will be. Dry the shells on towels.
Arrange the shell pieces in a mosaic design before gluing. When you like the design, glue the pieces in place using white glue. To create a shiny glaze, use a clear spray lacquer to coat the entire mosaic.
Lapbook Component: Coloring Eggs Sequencing
Use some of the natural dyes in the science section for coloring eggs, or just have fun coloring eggs with your own things.
Braided Easter Egg Bread
This bread has whole eggs baked into it. Do not pre-cook the whole eggs. They will bake at the same time that the bread does. The eggs can also be dyed for extra color.
2 ½ cups flour, divided
¼ cup white sugar
1 tsp salt
1 (.25 ounce) package active dry yeast (2 tsp)
2/3 cup milk
2 Tbsp butter
5 whole eggs, dyed if desired
2 Tbsp butter, melted
Read Matthew 27:57-61
These are fun rolls to make with your child and serve a dual purpose. Not only are you cooking together, but you are also teaching a Bible lesson.
Preheat Oven to 350
1. Give each child a triangle of crescent rolls. The crescent roll represents the cloth that Jesus was wrapped in.
2. Give each child a marshmallow and tell them it represents Jesus who died on the cross for us.
3. Have them dip it in melted butter to represent the oils they anointed Jesus with.
4. Roll it in sugar and cinnamon to represent the spices they used.
5. Then wrap the marshmallow in a crescent roll just like they used the fine linen cloths.}
6. Put the wrapped Jesus in the tomb (oven at 350 degrees) for 3
days (12-15 minutes). When the rolls are cool enough, the children can
look inside and see that Jesus is not there – He is risen! (The marshmallow melts and the roll is puffed up, but empty). Do not undercook, as the rolls will sink and not be hollow.
7. Now read Matthew 28: 5-8 (see the Bible lesson for more scriptures to read)
PBS Faberge website