Knights and Castles Lapbook Level 2 Templates Level 3 Templates
Knights and Castles Library List
Saint George and the Dragon
Knights in Shining Armor by Gail Gibbons
Knights and Castles by Seymour Simon
The Usborne Book of Castles by
Lesley Sims and Jane Chisolm
Knights and Castles Links
Castles for Kids
Life in the Middle Ages
Knight Printables for Kids
Knights…and Ladies and Peasants, too
The Middle Ages for Kids
1. Visit a Medieval Fair in your area.
2. Have your own medieval feast at home.
3. Build your own castle from a refrigerator box and talk about the different parts of a castle.
Level 2 Lapbook Templates
by Jen Geary
**images for minit books drawn by Jay Geary
Life of a Knight Tab Book**
Label the Knight**
Where Did Knights
Happened Next? Cards**
Knight (with child's
Shield Bible Verse**
Design a Shield**
|Label the Castle**||Song Layer Book|
Kn in Knight (Primary Trace)
Kn in Knight (Primary Lines)
Kn in Knight (HWOT Outlines)
Kn in Knight (HWOT Lines)
Introduction to the parts of a knight's armor
Learn about what a boy had to do to become a knight
Place historical events in chronological order
Identify weapons a knight used
Identify Europe on a map
Recite Luke 6:31 (or another Bible verse of choice)
Become familiar with vocabulary from knights and castles books
fine motor skills by cutting and pasting
Just for Fun Songs
I'm a Little Dragon
(tune: "I'm a Little Teapot")
I’m a little dragon, strong and stout.
Here is my tail and here is my snout.
If you get me upset, better watch out!
I’ll give you something to shout about!
All Around the Castle
(tune: "Pop! Goes the Weasel")
All around the castle
The knight chased the dragon
The dragon thought it was all in fun
ROAR went the dragon!
Come To The
(tune: "Down by the Station")
Come to the castle early in the morning,
See the lords and ladies all in a row.
See the prince and princess leaving in the carriage.
People throw confetti as they go.
Where in the world did knights live?
Knights lived in Europe. Show your student where Europe is on a map. Where do you live? How could you travel there? How long would it take. Have fun exploring this.
On your shutterfold, let your student color where he lives (in one color) and where knights lived (in another color). See sample picture at the top of the page.
The Life of a Knight
Began at age 7
Practiced handling weapons
Played games of skill and strategy
Began at age 14
Became a skilled horseman
Learned how to fight with swords
Learned how to hunt with falcons
Began at age 21
Was called “Sir”
Was given weapons and a sword
What did Knights Wear? --Label the Knight
Helmet—protects the head
Visor—protects the eyes and allows the knight to see out of the helmet
Breastplate—protects the chest area
Gauntlet—protects the forearm
Shin Guard—protects the shin
Shield—provides moveable protection
What Happened Next?
1. pyramids built
2. birth of Christ
3. knights and castles
4. Columbus discovers America
5. Declaration of Independence
6. car invented
7. man reaches the moon
What is a castle?
A castle is a strong building (fortress) made of stone. It was built to protect people (the king and his people) from enemies and intruders.
Label the Castle
Drawbridge—retractable doorway that could serve as a bridge over a moat
Portcullis—heavy wood and iron gate with spiked tips
Parapet—low stone wall at the top of the castle towers
Tower—tall area of the castle where guards could look out
water around the castle that supplied the people with food and served as
Level 3 Templates & Research
by Tina Franks and Ami Brainerd
Label the Armor
How to Become a
Label the Armor
Vocabulary Cards & Pocket
Code of Chivalry
Protecting the Castle
Bible Verse Card and Pocket
Just Jousting Shutterfold
Famous Knight Report
I Don't Believe It! Simple
|Three Steeds Flap Book|
Who was Eligible?
How to Become a Knight
Who was Eligible?
1. When a boy was about 7 years old, his parents sent him to be a page at another lord’s castle. A page served the lord’s family their meals, learned manners, received an education (sometimes including Latin) and practiced battle skills with wooden weapons and horses. (Note: reading and writing wasn’t always taught)
2. At about 14 the boy became a squire. A squire was an apprentice to a knight. He took care of the knight’s horses, polished the knight’s armor and weapons and practiced horsemanship and fighting with real horses and weapons. He learned to use a bow and arrow and learned to hunt. He also went into battle at his knight’s side.
3. Around the age of 21 the squire became a knight at a dubbing ceremony, where he was officially dubbed a knight by his father, his knight or sometimes even the king. At this ceremony, he promised to be loyal and brave and to protect his lord, his king and his church. He was then tapped on the shoulder(s) with a sword and was pronounced a knight.
The Code of Chivalry
Knights were men that were trained for war, but they traditionally extended courtesy and civility when dealing with their enemies. The ideals they held dear were turned into a knightly code of conduct—high standards that they thought showed how a soldier or warrior should behave. Those standards became the Code of Chivalry. Churchmen liked this idea of high standards so much that they made the dubbing ceremony a religious occasion, complete with a church vigil and a purifying bath.
List some of the ideals that made up the code. (Some sample answers follow.)
1. Protect the weak
2. Fight wrong.
3. Seek justice.
4. Be loyal to friends.
5. Be fair to all people.
6. Be true, gentle, faithful and brave.
7. Honor and respect women.
8. Be generous.
9. Dare to do right.
Knights Live? Why?
The knights that we study most often lived in Europe, specifically in the Christian lands of Europe. The Christian part of Europe was often called “Christendom” and the people in this area in the Middle Ages were afraid of the unknown lands around them and often felt threatened by their neighbors. To their south and southeast were Muslim nations and to their east were the Mongol nations. Knights, to the peoples of Christendom, were seen as the civilized world’s defense against the unknown and the Church encouraged these ideas, sending knights on crusades to fight Muslims and other non-Christians.
In the Middle Ages, almost all of the land in Europe belonged to kings. But most kingdoms were far too big for a king to defend without some help so a he would split up his land into manors and turn them over to men he trusted (called barons) to rule each manor on his behalf. A baron swore allegiance to his king and promised to protect his king and kingdom and send soldiers to fight for the kingdom when needed. These soldiers were called knights and swore allegiance to both their baron and their king. Sometimes knights lived in their lord’s castle. Other times, knights were given their own manors within the baron’s land to rule and were able to build to their own castles or manor houses.
The first castles
were more like wooden forts than the castles we’re used to seeing. These
had a keep on a hill with a smaller village-like area below and were surrounded
by a wooden fence and a moat. Enemies didn’t have a very hard time
attacking and destroying these first castles, though, so by the 12th century,
most castles and manor houses were made out of stone and were much easier for
the lord and his knights to defend.
A Knight’s Armor—What did they wear and when?
The most common type of body armor worn by medieval knights was made of mail, also known as chain mail. It became very popular around the 11th century. Chain mail is made of many small iron rings, all linked together. No one knows exactly how chain mail was made, but some pictures show armorers using pliers to join the links. We do know that the coats were shaped by increasing or decreasing the number of links in each row, kind of like knitting. We also know that, as time went on, knights wore more and more chain mail to protect more and more of their bodies—the sleeves got longer, they wore chain mail leggings as well. A chain mail coat (also called a hauberk) weighed about 20-30 pounds and most of that weight was carried on the knight’s shoulders. Chain mail was flexible and protected a knight against a sword, but he could still be hurt by an arrow, a dagger or a club.
In about the 14th
century, knights started adding steel plates over the chain mail to protect
their arms and legs and, eventually, iron plates to protect their whole body.
By the 15th century, some knights wore full suits of plate armor and didn’t
worry about the chain mail anymore. A full suit of armor weighed between
45-55 pounds, but the weight was spread out over the knight’s entire body so he
could still run, lie down or mount his horse without too much of a problem.
Although it protected a knight very well, plate armor was still very heavy, very
hot and difficult to put on or take off.
When a knight wasn't busy fighting battle or on a quest, he can participate in a tournaments and win fame as well as valuable prizes. The most important tournament event is known as the joust. When a knight arrived at a tournament, he was required to hang up his shield among the competitors so that everyone would know who was competing.
Knights used special lances for this that had a blunted end instead of a regular sharp end. Sometimes there were wooden areas (called tilts) to separate the knights from each other; this was to keep them from running in to each other.
In order the win the game, the knight would hold his lance loosely and keep it pointed just below his target; this helped him keep his eyes on his target. The knight would receive points based on the following -
One Point - for striking the opponent on the body (illegal to strike on the head)
Two Points- striking your opponent so hard that your lance breaks
Three Points- if you knock your opponent off his horse
Each joust lasts three rounds. Points may be scored each round. If even points are scored between players, the joust will be decided by a sword fight on foot.
Why did knights fight?
Though there were many reasons a knight would go into battle, here are some popular ones.
1. To help their king get more land for his kingdom.
2. To win back land that their king had lost.
3. To fight for their church and its causes.
4. To defend their lord’s castle against an enemy attack.
Defending the Castle
First things first, as soon as an enemy was spotted, the defenders would pull up the castle's drawbridge. Then they would lower an iron gate (a portcullis) to form an extra barrier. The archers would fire arrows through slits in the castle walls and through the gaps in the battlements. From the top of the castle, wall climbers were met with hot water being poured on their heads. Sometimes quicklime was also poured; this would make their skin burn. Heavy stones also rained down on enemies.
Knights were dependent on their horses, and rich knights had at least three!
1. Palfrey- this was the knight's riding horse. He used it to go on an adventure or to ride to war (in order to keep his war horse rested).
2. Destrier- this was the war horse. These horses were not afraid of the noise of battle because they were specially trained. Some of these horses could bite and kick! A well- trained war horse was worth a lot of money. Some war horses had armor; the headpiece was known as the shaffron.
3. Pack Horse- this was the horse a knight used to carry his equipment. Some knights had multiple packhorses in order to carry all their baggage.
Heraldry was the entire system governing the use and creation of the coat of arms. When a knight went into battle, no one could recognize him. The coat of arms was very important as it told knights friend from foe on the battlefield. There were very strict rules governing who could use what pictures or symbols and how they could be drawn. Learn a bit about this system by matching the shield flap books with their proper names and then designing your very own coat of arms.
When discussing armor, read Ephesians 6:10-17 and talk about our spiritual armor.
Famous Knights Research
There are various famous knights (some real men and women, some fictional) who are well known throughout history. Have your student research one or more of the following knights: King Arthur, Sir Lancelot, Sir Galahad, Sir Gawain, Sir Gareth, Sir Tristan, Richard the Lionheart, William Tell, Joan of Arc, The Black Prince, Don Quixote, Rodrigo Diaz, Roland, Teutonic Knights, Sir William Marshal, Sir Ulrich von Liechtenstein, Saladin, etc.)
Vocabulary Cards and Pocket have been included for you to use for new words you encounter through the course of your unit.