Free Raggedy Andy Unit & Lapbook
Raggedy Andy Stories
the Little Rag Brother of Raggedy Ann
|Written and Illustrated by Johnny Gruelle
Unit and Lapbook Prepared by Kim Moss
Adjective Simple Fold
Social Studies –
Character (cheeriness and happiness) – “One
day Daddy took Raggedy Ann down to his office and propped her up against some
books upon his desk; he wanted to have her where he could see her cheery smile
all day, for, as you must surely know, smiles and happiness are truly catching.
wished to catch a whole lot of Raggedy Ann's cheeriness and happiness and put
all this down on paper, so that those who did not have Raggedy Ann dolls might
see just how happy and smiling a rag doll can be.
Raggedy Ann stayed at Daddy's studio for three or four days. She was missed
very, very much at home and Marcella really longed for her, but knew that Daddy
was borrowing some of Raggedy Ann's sunshine, so she did not complain. Raggedy
Ann did not complain either, for in addition to the sunny, happy smile she
always wore (it was painted on), Raggedy Ann had a candy heart, and of course no
one (not even a rag doll) ever complains if they have such happiness about
your child if God considers cheeriness and happiness important. If so, why
would they be important? How could they impact upon others?
Proverbs 15:13, 30 – A happy
heart makes the face cheerful…A cheerful look brings joy to the heart and good
news health to the bones.
Proverbs 17:22 – A cheerful
heart is good medicine…
James 5:13 – Is anyone
happy? Let him sing songs…
happiness and cheerfulness bring health to someone? How do you feel when you’re
around someone who’s happy or cheerful?
Biography of author Johnny
Johnny Gruelle, Creator of Raggedy Ann and Andy
by Patricia Hall
Raggedy Ann & Andy: a Retrospective Celebrating 85 years of Storybook Friends
artwork & story by Johnny Gruelle; written by Patricia Hall
Raggedy Ann and Andy Family Album
Susan Ann Garrison
your child use or have your child use one of the resources above to discover
more about Johnny Gruelle. Where and when was he born? Did he have brothers
and sisters? What was his father’s occupation? How/why did Johnny Gruelle
begin telling the stories of Raggedy Ann? What other talents did Johnny Gruelle
have besides author and cartoonist? What was the “Gruelle Ideal”? What was his
first job as an illustrator? How many books did he write? When did he die?
History (The Past vs. Now) -
Ann and Raggedy Andy hadn’t seen each other in over 50 years! Ask your child
how they would feel if they hadn’t talked to their brother/sister in 50 years?
What has changed in our country in the last 50 years? Go through the chart
below with your child explaining/talking about how things have changed since the
book was written in 1919 and in the last 50 years, filling out the column for
the current year with them. Your older child could do research and complete the
entire chart on their own.
President of the US
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Rock and Roll,
World War I ended
Treaty of Versailles
Cold War, The
British Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition completes the first land
journey across Antarctica,
becomes Premier of
(Prohibition) and 19th (Woman’s right to vote) Amendments to
Aeronautics and Space Act passes,
Academy Award, Best
Picture: The Bridge on the River Kwai
Babe Ruth traded to
Triple Crown won in Horse Racing by Sir Barton
New York Giants
become the San Francisco Giants.
The Brooklyn Dodgers
Most Popular TV
Ed Sullivan Show, I
Love Lucy, Leave it to Beaver, Gunsmoke, Perry Mason, Dragnet, Alfred
Station in Pittsburgh or Detroit 1920,
jet passenger service
Most Popular Toys
Raggedy Ann, Lincoln
Logs, Radio Flyer Wagon, Pogo Stick
Tonka Trucks, Play-doh,
Hula Hoop, Frisbee, Yahtzee, Ant Farm
Price of 1st
Price of Gasoline
Price of Average US
Price of 1 Gallon
Price of Automobile
Rubber Bands –
“Raggedy Andy had been carefully folded up. His soft, loppy arms were folded up
in front of him and his soft, loppy legs were folded over his soft, loppy arms,
and they were held this way by a rubber band.” The first rubber band was made
in 1845 by Stephen Perry of the rubber manufacturing company Messrs. Perry and
Co., in London, England. It was made of vulcanized rubber. Explain to your
child that vulcanized rubber has been treated with sulfur and heat which makes
it stronger and gives it greater elasticity and durability.
of these rubber band experiments with your child:
Experiment #1—Making a Catapult
Materials: A sturdy, narrow cardboard box (like a shoe box), two rubber bands, a
plastic spoon, scissors, masking tape, and a ping-pong ball or marshmallow.
vertical slits about 3/4 inch down and 1/2 inch apart along the top and near the
center of the long sides of a cardboard box with scissors.
more vertical slits below the original ones in the center of the long sides of
additional horizontal slit connecting the bottoms of the two slits you just
made, so the cuts form u-shaped slits.
the ends of a rubber band around each of the u-shaped slits so the rubber band
is stretched across the box. Tape the rubber band securely in place.
the ends of a second rubber band around the slits in the top of the box and tape
the ends of the rubber band.
the handle of a plastic spoon through the top rubber band and twist it around
several times until the spoon is held securely in the center of the box. Make
sure that the direction you twist creates a forward tension on the concave side
of the spoon.
the handle of the spoon against the lower rubber band to create tension and a
back the spoon, place the marshmallow or ping-pong ball inside, and release!
Materials: a rubber band, a shoe, ruler
rubber band, so that you have a long string of rubber.
end to a shoe. Set the shoe on the floor.
gently on the other end of the rubber band and gradually pull harder and harder
until the shoe begins to move.
ruler to measure how long the rubber band stretches before the shoe begins to
move. Before it begins to move, it is experiencing static friction between the
shoe and the floor.
the shoe starts moving, measure how far the rubber band is stretched as you keep
it moving. Once you get the shoe moving, there is less friction to resist its
movement. You will probably notice that it is not stretched as far as when you
were trying to get it started. When it was sitting still, you had to overcome
the static friction (as well as inertia) to get it going. Once it is going, you
have to contend with kinetic friction (the length of the rubber band at it’s
farthest before the shoe starts moving), which is less than static friction (the
length of the rubber band once the shoe is moving)
changing the amount of friction by using a different surface. You could try
using a different surface like aluminum foil, then taping the aluminum foil to
the floor and rubbing it with cooking oil. You could add some weight by putting
something heavy like rocks into the shoe. You could try adding some roughness by
pouring some salt or sugar or sand paper under the shoe. Tape the foil to the
floor and rub it with a little cooking oil. Measure the static and kinetic
friction each time you vary the experiment.
There were cotton lumps in the throats of Raggedy Ann and Andy. This was the
material used to stuff the rag dolls. Does your child know where cotton comes
from? Cotton needs a warm climate to grow in. See if your child can guess where
it might be grown. The United States, Uzbekistan, China, India, Brazil,
Pakistan and Turkey are the major cotton producing countries in the world. In
the United States the states of Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia,
Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South
Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Florida, Kansas and Virginia are known as the
“Cotton Belt”. Cotton is planted from February to June, depending on the
climate. About two months after planting, flower buds appear on the cotton
plants. Three weeks later the blossoms open. Their petals change from creamy
white to yellow to pink and finally, dark red. After three days, they wither and
fall, leaving green football-shaped pods which are called cotton bolls. As the
boll ripens, it turns brown. Finally, the boll splits apart and the fluffy
cotton bursts forth. It looks like white cotton candy. The next step is to
harvest the cotton crop using machines. The harvested cotton is then placed
into a “cotton gin” where the burs, dirt, stems, leaves and seeds are removed.
The seed goes on to be planted for the next harvest, become paper or become
cottonseed oil! The cotton is then cleaned more, carded, spun into thread and
woven into cloth. Discuss the journey of cotton with your child. Show him
fabric made from cotton as well as a cotton ball. Compare this to other
National Cotton Council of America
Language Arts –
your child start a vocabulary list or make cards for all the interesting words
they will encounter throughout the book.
to support, or prevent from
– the workroom of an artist
Loppy – hanging limply
Writing a Friendly Letter –
book contains a friendly letter from Raggedy Andy’s Mama to Johnny Gruelle and
also from Johnny Gruelle’s mother to him. Explain the components of a friendly
letter (heading, salutation, body, complimentary close and signature) to your
child and have them write one to a grandparent, friend or even one of their
stuffed animals or dolls!
“Daddy knew they would wish to tell each other all the wonderful things that had
happened to them since they had parted more than fifty years before.” Raggedy
Ann and Andy have not seen each other for fifty years. Find the date on the
letter written by Andy’s Mama. The year was 1919. What year would it have been
fifty years previous to then? Show your child how to subtract 1919 – 50 = 1869.
Raggedy Ann and Andy had not seen each other since at least 1869!
Gruelle was born December 24, 1880 and died January 8, 1938. How old was he
when he died? Show your child how to subtract 1938 – 1880 = 58 and then
explain that even though the answer is 58 Johnny Gruelle was 57 when he died as
he had not reached his birthday yet in 1938.
Johnny Gruelle uses many muted colors in his illustrations. Review primary,
secondary and complementary colors with your child. Muted colors are colors that
have been toned down or softened using black, white or a complementary color.
Another way to explain it is that colors that have had their intensity or
brightness dulled are considered muted. We also refer to intensity as the
degree of saturation in a color.
are four ways to change the intensity of a color:
white. This will make the value higher (lighter) and change the intensity.
2. Add black. This will make the value lower (darker) and change the intensity.
3. Add gray. If the gray is the same value as the original color, the intensity
will change, but not the value.
4. Add a complementary color. (Mixing two colors exactly opposite each other on
the color wheel results in a neutral gray or brown)
your child experiment with making muted colors using any or all of the 4 ways
Johnny Gruelle started his career as a cartoonist. The American Heritage
Dictionary defines a cartoon as “A drawing depicting a humorous situation, often
accompanied by a caption.” Explain this to your child. Show your child comic
strips and appropriate political cartoons from the newspaper. Have your child
create their own cartoon with captions.
Vocabulary Cards with Pocket &
Johnny Gruelle Simple Fold
Cotton Flap Book
Chapter 2 -
THE NURSERY DANCE
Social Studies –
Character (treatment of disabled people) –
“Some of the dolls were
without arms and legs. One had a cracked head. She was a nice doll, though, and
the others all liked her very much. All of them had cried the night Susan (that
was her name) fell off the toy box and cracked her china head.”
your child what makes him or her special? What about their eye or hair color?
How about athletic talent or academic skills? Guide him/her in a discussion
about being made special by God.
Would he or she be special with 6 fingers on each hand? Why? What about only 4
fingers? If God gives someone a “special” gift because they have more physical
or mental abilities than others, is a person any less “special” because they
have less physical or mental abilities than others?
139:13-16 – For you created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mother’s
womb. I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; your works are
wonderful, I know that full well. My frame was not hidden from you when I was
made in the secret place. When I was woven together in the depths of the earth,
your eyes saw my unformed body. All the days ordained for me were written in
your book before one of them came to be.
anyone who is not like you or me any less of a special creation made by God?
nursery there was a French doll, Henny, and a Dutch doll, Uncle Clem.
Ask your child where a French doll would come from?
France! Ask your child where a Dutch doll would come from? Holland! Locate these
places on a map with your child. Explain to
your child what it means to be a certain nationality. American Heritage
Dictionary defines it as “people having common origins or traditions and often
comprising a nation”. Ask your child how they would describe their nationality?
Having Tea -
British custom of having afternoon tea began in the times of Charles II and
reached its height of popularity in the Victorian Era. Have an afternoon tea
of your own! Invite your friends or do like Marcella does and have tea with
your dolls and stuffed animals! A formal tea would be an occasion for
dressing up. You should also dress up the table with pretty decorations, dishes
and a tablecloth. Ask each guest if they want cream or sugar or lemon in their
tea. You should pour the cream in first and then the tea. Make sure that each
guest has a spoon to stir their tea and a saucer to put their spoon on when they
are done stirring. Use your very best manners! There are lots of recipes
available on the internet or check out some books from your local library.
Teatime with Emma Buttersnap
by Lindsey Tate
Totally Tea-rific Tea Party Book
by Tanya Napier
Marcella gave the dolls sugar water for their tea. We all know how sweet sugar
tastes, but does your child know where sugar comes from?
the sugar we use is made from sugar cane and sugar beets. These plants grow in
different climates (sugar cane in the tropics and sugar beets in temperate
cane stalks grow from old stalks planted in the ground. Their growing season is
7-22 months and when it is over the stalks are 7 to 15 feet tall. The stalks
are then cut and taken to a sugar mill.
sugar mill, machines wash, cut, and shred the stalks into pulp. Water is sprayed
on it and it is crushed between rollers to squeeze out the sugary juice which is
called cane juice. The cane juice is then heated to a boil and chemicals are
added to remove impurities. Then juice is put into huge heated tanks to
evaporate, making thick syrup and finally crystals. The crystals are then
separated from the syrup and become “raw sugar”. This raw sugar goes to a
refinery. At the refinery it is dissolved, treated with chemicals, filtered,
crystallized again, and allowed to solidify into pure white sugar.
sugar is made in almost the same way as cane sugar. The beets are sliced and
soaked with chemicals to make sugary syrup. This syrup is also filtered and
evaporated until it also becomes pure white sugar.
together the table sugar we use with soft drinks, baked goods, candy, canned
fruits, jellies, and desserts, an average person in the United States eats 100
pounds of sugar a year!
Have your student try growing sugar crystals:
Materials: Food Coloring, Glass Jars, Oven Mitts, Saucepans, Stirring Spoons,
Pencils, Paper and Binder Clips, Cotton String, and 3 cups of sugar.
about 1 cup of
the water into a glass jar.
stir in three cups of sugar, about a teaspoon at a time. Don't rush this step!
Continue until the sugar is no longer dissolving but is starting to collect at
the bottom of the jar.
couple drops of food coloring of your choice.
end of a piece of string around the middle of a pencil and tie a paper clip to
the other end.
the pencil over the jar so that the string hangs down and the paper clip almost
touches the bottom of the jar.
jar to sit someplace where it won’t be disturbed.
about 24 hours you'll see colorful crystals forming on the paper clip.
Explain to your student that colic condition in which an otherwise healthy
baby cries or
screams intensely more than three days a week, for more than three hours, for
more than three weeks in a month for no discernible reason. There are many
ideas as to the cause, but nothing which is generally accepted to be the cause.
Raggedy Andy replied, "for there was always a nest of mice down in the corner of
the trunk. Cute little Mama and Daddy mice, and lots of little teeny weeny baby
mice. And when the mama and daddy mice were away, I used to cuddle the tiny
little baby mice!" Does your child know about mice? Ask your child if they are
a mammal or not, and if so what characteristics make an animal a mammal.
Explain to your child that mice are rodents. Rodents are mammals that have two
both the upper and lower
jaw which grow
continuously and must be kept worn down by gnawing. The name comes from the
rodere, to gnaw, and dens, dentis, tooth. These teeth are used for
cutting wood, biting through the skin of fruit, or for defense. The teeth
self-sharpen during gnawing! Young mice are called “pups”. Predators of mice
birds of prey,
even certain kinds of
eat mainly seeds and nuts. Mice can be harmful pests, but are also pets. Baby
mice weigh from ½ to 1 ½ grams when they are born (a penny weighs about 3
grams!). Have your student hold a penny in their hand and tell him that would
be how much 2-3 newborn mice would weigh!
Language Arts –
Mistress – a female who has authority, control, or power
And nothing else or more;
– To move about restlessly, nervously, or impatiently.
Reading in Context –
This chapter mentions “Fido”, but doesn’t tell you what/who “Fido” is. Can your
child, by reading the facts revolved around Fido, tell what Fido is?
Counting up to 10 –
“If Raggedy Ann had a pencil in her rag hand and Marcella guided it for her,
Raggedy Ann could count up to ten—sometimes.” Can your young child count to
ten? Gather ten objects (maybe their favorite stuffed animals and dolls!) and
practice their 10 facts (addition, subtraction, multiplication, or
division -- depending on the level of the student).
Tea Party Mini Book
All About Mice Tab Book
Social Studies –
Character (Being content in every situation)
(Raggedy Andy locked in trunk)
"Wasn't it very
lonesome in the trunk all that time?" Susan asked in her queer little cracked
voice. You see, her head had been cracked. "Oh, not at all," Raggedy Andy
replied, "for there was always a nest of mice down in the corner of the trunk.
Cute little Mama and Daddy mice, and lots of little teeny weeny baby mice. And
when the mama and daddy mice were away, I used to cuddle the tiny little baby
mice!" "No wonder you were never lonesome!" said Uncle Clem, who was very kind
and loved everybody and everything.”
your child how he/she would feel after being in the box/blanket for about an
hour. How was Raggedy Andy so cheerful after being locked in a trunk for 50
years? How can your child learn to be content/happy/satisfied in every
Apostle Paul declared in Philippians 4:11-12, “I have learned to be content
whatever the circumstance…I have learned the secret of being content in any and
your child what they think was Paul’s secret to being content?
continued in verse 13 to declare, “I can do everything through him who gives me
writer of Hebrews also says, “Be content with what you have, because God has
said, ‘Never will I leave you; never will I forsake you.’ So we say with
confidence, ‘The Lord is my helper; I will not be afraid. What can man do to
God’s continual presence and help lead to contentment? How should we live
knowing that he is present and helping us every day?
(Being encouraging to one another; Helping one another)
"Yes, Raggedy Ann can sew it on!" all the dolls cried. "She can play Peter,
Peter, Pumpkin Eater on the toy piano and she can sew!"
was a wild scramble as the dolls rushed for their beds, and Susan, having to be
careful of her cracked head, was the monkey. So Raggedy Andy, seeing that Susan
was slow about getting into her bed, jumped out and helped her.”
your child to tell you of a time when a sibling or friend was hurt or feeling
sad and they tried to help. What did they do to help or encourage the other
person? What was the result?
Language Arts –
Romp - a lively or
boisterous time of merry play
Amuse - to hold the
attention of someone pleasantly; entertain or divert in an enjoyable or cheerful
Scuffle - to go or move in
Lopsided - heavier, larger, or more developed on one side than on the other;
unevenly balanced; unsymmetrical
Nursery Rhymes –
Raggedy Ann can sew it on!" all the dolls cried. "She can play Peter, Peter,
Pumpkin Eater on the toy piano and she can sew!"
dolls refer to a nursery rhyme in this chapter. Snuggle up and read more
nursery rhymes with your child. Have your older child write a nursery rhyme of
Does your older child know what the diameter of a circle is and how to calculate
circumference? Explain that the diameter is the longest distance from one end
of a circle to another and that circumference is the distance around the outside
or perimeter of a circle. The equation for calculating the circumference is ∏
(3.14) x the diameter of a circle. Ask you child what they think the diameter
of the spinning wheel that Raggedy Ann and Andy played with was. Then ask you
child how many times around they think Raggedy Andy went on the spinning wheel.
Finally, have your child calculate the circumference of the spinning wheel and
then how far Raggedy Andy went on the spinning wheel using the answers that they
your child know how to sew? Show your child a needle, thread and thimble and
how to use them. Let your child practice sewing two pieces of fabric together.
Just for fun –
pillow fight with your child!
Social Studies –
Character (Joy in Giving)
–“Then, just as a little boy and a little girl, who looked as though they did
not ever have much candy, passed the house, the dolls all gave a push and sent
the bag tumbling to the sidewalk. The two children laughed and shouted, "Thank
you," when they saw that the bag contained candy, and the dolls, peeping from
behind the lace curtains, watched the two happy faced children eating the taffy
as they skipped down the street. When the children had passed out of sight, the
dolls climbed down from the window. "That was lots of fun!" said the French
doll, as she smoothed her skirts and sat down beside Raggedy Andy. "I believe
Raggedy Andy must have a candy heart too, like Raggedy Ann!" said Uncle Clem.”
your child an unexpected “gift” such as a snack, a big hug, a special book time
or some other favorite thing or event. Afterwards, ask your child how he/she
feels about being given the gift.
Next, tell your child how you feel about given them the gift.
James 1:17 – Every good and
perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of the heavenly lights,
who does not change like shifting shadows.
1 Cor 9:7 – Each man should
give what he has decided in his heart to give, not reluctantly or under
compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver.
tablespoons cornstarch (helps to give the taffy a smooth texture)
light corn syrup (acts as an “interfering agent” along with butter to keep the
sucrose molecules in the taffy syrup from crystallizing)
teaspoons glycerin (optional, can be found in craft stores and helps to make the
1 teaspoon flavoring (such as vanilla, lemon, maple, or mint)
drops food coloring (optional)
large (3- to 4-quart) saucepan
paper or plastic wrap
marble slab or cookie sheet
greased scissors or butter knife
together sugar and cornstarch in the saucepan. The cornstarch will give
the taffy a smooth texture.
wooden spoon to stir in the corn syrup, glycerin, water, butter, and salt.
The corn syrup
acts as an interfering
agent along with butter to keep the sucrose molecules in the taffy syrup from
crystallizing; the glycerin helps to make the taffy fluffy and light.
the saucepan over medium heat and stir until the sugar dissolves.
Continue stirring until mixture begins to boil, then let cook, undisturbed (if
you continue to stir at this point sugar crystals will form), until it reaches
about 270° For the soft-crack stage (you’ll know you are at the soft-crack stage
because when you drop a bit of this syrup into cold water the solid thread that
form will be flexible and bend before breaking)
down the sides of the pan with a pastry brush dipped in warm water while the
syrup cooks to prevent sugar crystals from forming.
the saucepan from the heat and add food coloring and flavoring. Stir gently,
then pour onto a greased marble slab or into a shallow greased cookie sheet
the taffy is cool enough to handle, grease your hands with oil or butter and
pull the taffy until it's light in color and has a satiny gloss. Pulling the
taffy adds air to the candy and is what makes it light and fluffy. You can have
a friend help with this step, which should take about 10 minutes.
the pulled taffy into a long rope, about 1/2 inch in diameter, and cut it with
greased scissors or a butter knife into 1-inch-long pieces. Let the pieces sit
for about half an hour before wrapping them in wax paper or plastic wrap and
twisting the ends of the wrapper.
Just for fun
experiment above and have a taffy pull of your own!
Language Arts –
Encase - to enclose in or as
in a case
Scarcely - barely; hardly;
Dispose of - to transfer or
give away, as by gift or sale. to do away with; destroy
– Does your child know about rabbits? Ask your child if they are a mammal and
if they answer yes ask them what characteristics rabbits have that make them a
mammal. Their classification is as follows: Kingdom:
Rabbits are ground dwellers that live in desert, tropical and wetland
Rabbits are found in
Central and Southern
are “herbivores”. Does your child know what an herbivore is? All rabbits except
the cottontail rabbit live underground in
warrens. Hares and cottontail rabbits live in simple nests above the ground.
They usually do not live in groups.
Sense of Smell –
a rabbit!" Fido cried. "He ran right in here, for I could smell his tracks!"
Language Arts –
Shrill - high-pitched and
piercing in sound quality
Heap - a group of things
placed, thrown, or lying one on another; pile
Crouch - to bend close to
the ground, as an animal preparing to spring or shrinking with fear
- To surmise to be true or probable; imagine
Easter bunny had to dye the eggs “lots of pretty colors”. Discuss primary
(blue, yellow, red) and secondary (purple, orange, green) colors with your
child. Have your child mix the primary colors and see if they can discover
which combinations of primary colors make the secondary colors. Let your child
use the colors they have made to make a painting of their own.
Social Studies –
Skilled Workers –
"We will send a man right up to fix it!" the men said.
along about ten o'clock that morning one of the men came to fix the pipe.
although he punched a long pole down the pipe, and punched and punched, he could
not dislodge whatever it was which plugged the pipe and kept the water from
running through it. Then the man measured with his stick, so that he knew just
where the place was, and with a pair of tin shears he cut a section from the
pipe and found Raggedy Andy.”
to your child that some jobs involve having a particular skill, like the men
putting up the rain gutters at Marcella’s house. Ask your child to think of and
name other jobs that require having a particular skill.
“The men made quite a lot of noise with their hammers, for they were putting new
gutters around the eaves, and pounding upon tin makes a great deal of noise.”
have three properties
1) Luster - Metals are shiny when cut, scratched, or
Malleability - Metals are strong, but can be easily bent or shaped. Most metals
are also ductile, which means they can be drawn out to make wire.
Conductivity - Metals are excellent conductors of electricity and heat. Because
they are also ductile, they are ideal for electrical wiring. There are five
categories of metals:
Metals are found as pure metals because they are unreactive and don't combine
with other elements. They don't corrode easily so they are ideal for jewelry and
coins. Noble metals include copper, palladium, silver, platinum, and gold.
Metals are very reactive. They have low melting points and are soft enough to be
cut with a knife. Potassium and sodium are two alkali metals.
Alkaline Earth Metals are found in compounds with many different minerals. They
are less reactive than alkali metals, harder, and have higher melting points.
This group includes calcium, magnesium, and barium.
Transition Metals are hard and shiny, strong, and easy to shape. They are used
for many industrial purposes. This group includes iron, gold, silver, chromium,
nickel, and copper, some of which are also noble metals.
Metals are fairly soft, and most are not used very much by themselves. They
become very useful when added to other substances, though. Poor metals include
aluminum, gallium, tin, thallium, antimony, and bismuth.
properties of these different metals can be combined by mixing two or more of
them together. When two or metals are mixed the new substance is called an
a metal spoon, wooden spoon, and other kitchen utensils to compare heat
conductivity. Set them in a glass jar of hot (not boiling) water. Which
utensils heat up fastest and what are they made of? The ends of the metal
utensils should have felt hot first, because they conduct heat better. For a
little more excitement, try again using only metal utensils, with a dab of cold
butter on top of each utensil. Which one loses its butter first? Why might that
be? Look at the top surface area (e.g., a wire whisk has less surface to heat
the butter than a ladle does), length and thickness of each utensil's handle for
clues. Remember that some metals conduct heat better than others do.
Language Arts –
Eave - the overhang at the
lower edge of a roof
Scoot - to send or impel at
Dislodge - to remove or
force out of a particular place
Customary - according to or
depending on custom; usual; habitual
the man measured with his stick, so that he knew just where the place was, and
with a pair of tin shears he cut a section from the pipe and found Raggedy
your child know how to measure things? Review the metric and U.S. units of
measure. Give your child a ruler and yardstick with both metric and U.S. units
of measure and have them measure various objects.
Abbreviation Symbol Equivalents
inch in. " 1"
foot ft. ' 12" = 1'
yd. (none) 36" = 3' = 1 yd.
mile mi. (none) 5280' = 1 mi.
System Metric System
yd. 91.44 cm
Tin Can Candleholder –
Let your child experience working with tin. This craft will need supervision as
it involves a hammer and nail. With a younger child you could do the hammering
and just let them make up the pattern. Wash a tin can and remove the label.
Fill the can almost to the top with water and then set it in your freezer. You
can either make a paper pattern the size of the can or you can free hand a
design. If you use a paper pattern tape the paper on after the water has frozen.
Now, take your hammer and nail and punch a hole and follow the lines of your
design. The frozen water helps keep the can in its original shape. After the
design is all done let the water thaw. When the can is completely dry you can
now paint the can or leave it in its original color.
Social Studies –
Character (Helping Others) –
Andy helps the French doll when the sugary medicine gets inside her head and
prevents her eyes from moving.
on the floor and tell your child you don’t feel well, then see what they do to
help you feel better (but be sure to listen that they don’t pick up the phone
and call 911!!). If your child does do something, ask him or her why they did
what they did to help you. Explain how you felt when they helped you.
Safety with Medicine –
Discuss with your child the importance of not playing with real medicine. While
it is fun to pretend to give medicine to their dolls and toys it is never safe
to play with real medicine. Remind them that they should never take medicine
unless it is given to them by their parents or a doctor who knows the correct
type and amount to take.
Music boxes –
Do you have a music box or
can you borrow one? Explain to your child how a music box works.
A music box is an instrument
that plays tunes automatically. Steel pins come out from a rotating cylinder
driven by clockwork or a spring. The pins pluck metal teeth of various lengths,
producing soft, high-pitched sounds. Several teeth may be tuned to the same
note, so that the box can repeat notes rapidly. Music boxes may be connected
with clocks and play certain tunes on the hour. Music-box movements are built
into watches, toys, and other everyday objects.
The main parts of a music
The comb is a piece of steel in which the teeth have been cut. It is then tuned
to reproduce the musical notes, for each tune.
The cylinder is usually made of brass. It holds the pins, which lift up the
teeth of the comb. These pins are held in place by resin inside the cylinder.
The pins are in steel and their position is determined by the tune.
This is a spring mechanism which is wound up with a key. It allows the musical
movement to work.
-The speed governor:
The speed governor, or regulator, controls the speed at which the spring unwinds
and makes sure there is a regular rhythm for the music.
All the parts of the movement are put together on a base plate, usually in
The movement is fitted into a box, most often made of wood. The box transmits
the sound and works as an amplifier. Because wood is a living material it makes
each box a unique piece.
Language Arts –
“Raggedy Andy again wound up the little music box and, catching the French doll
about the waist, started a rollicking dance which lasted until the roosters in
the neighborhood began their morning crowing.”
different genres of music for your child. Have your child listen and even dance
to it if they feel like it. Ask you child how each piece of music makes them
feel and dance.
Social Studies –
always gave them great pleasure when any of their number was hugged and kissed,
for there was not a selfish doll among them.”
your child, “What is selfishness?” “Why are we so concerned about taking care
of ourselves?” Do you trust Mommy and Daddy to take of you?” “Do you trust God
to take care of you?” Examine their answers and any fears they may express.
6:25-34 – Therefore I tell you , do not worry about your life, what you will eat
or drink or about your body, what you will wear…Look at the birds of the air;
they do not sow or reap or store away in barns, and yet your heavenly Father
feeds them. Are you not much more valuable than they…But seek first his kingdom
and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well.
Therefore, do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about itself.
Each day has enough trouble of its own.
Acid – “The orange
juice takes off part of Raggedy Andy’s smile”
to your child that orange juice is an acid and acids can clean and take dirt off
of things. Cut a piece of fabric into three pieces and have your child paint a
smile with paint (not watercolor) on each one. Then place each piece in a glass
or water, orange juice, apple juice and see what happens to the smiles.
Language Arts –
assembly of moving parts performing a complete functional motion, often being
part of a large machine; linkage.
maliciously or playfully annoying; causing annoyance, harm, or trouble
a narrow opening
Adjectives, Dictionary Skills -
to your child that an adjective is a word that describes a noun. Send them on
an “adjective hunt” in this or any other chapter and make a list of all the
adjectives they find. For an added challenge have them alphabetize their list
once they have found all their adjectives.
Just for fun -
dolls “freeze” when the cheery man came into the nursery. Play a game of freeze
tag with your child.
Adjective Simple Fold
Social Studies –
Character (Joy of giving pleasure) – “The
wooden horse, a thrill of happiness running through his wooden body, cried, "It
is the most fun I have ever had!" And the dolls, while they did not tell him so,
knew that he had had the most fun because he had given them the most pleasure.
For, as you must surely know, they who are the most unselfish are the ones who
gain the greatest joy; because they give happiness to others.”
your child, “Which would you rather have happen: to receive a gift from Mommy or
to give a gift to Mommy?” Ask your child the reason(s) for his/her answer.
20:35 – It is more blessed to give than to receive.
The wooden horse moves
by making his tail frisk. Explain to your child that the energy the wooden
horse uses to move his tail becomes transferred or changed into energy that
makes him roll on his wheels. Help your child see this by moving a jump rope or
something similar in a wave-like motion and seeing how it moves.
Language Arts –
Dappled – having
spots of a different shade, tone, or color from the background; mottled.
Hitch – to fasten or
tie, esp. temporarily, by means of a hook, rope, strap, etc.; tether
Queer – strange or
odd from a conventional viewpoint; unusually different; singular
uncomfortably diffident and easily embarrassed; shy; timid.
Frisk – to dance,
leap, skip, or gambol; frolic
Just for Fun--
Wild West Show
Wild West show was started in 1882 by William Cody (aka Buffalo Bill). Read
through the following articles with your child and look through the photos.
Have your child write a brief biography of Buffalo Bill and draw a picture of an
act that would have been in the Wild West Show. Ask your older child what they
think of Native Americans being treated this way.
Buffalo Bill Cody Simple
Language Arts –
Briskly - quick and active;
Frolic - merry play;
merriment; gaiety; fun
Sopping - soaked; drenched
– to make something bend readily; be flexible; be pliant
Draw A Winter Scene -
Raggedy Andy admires the
beauty of winter. Have your child create a winter scene using their choice of
Just for Fun –
snow or sand angels with your child.
Social Studies –
Character (Don’t judge someone by their appearance) -
is why the shell is so beautiful inside!" said Raggedy Ann. "Those who are
unselfish may wear rough clothes, but inside they are always beautiful, just
like the shell, and reflect to others the happiness and sunny music within their
a plastic Easter egg shell or an empty box that you’ll wrap in gift wrapping.
Place some dirt or other repulsive item in the shell or box. Give it to your
child and look for excitement or joy at receiving the gift (conversely, find a
dirty, ugly box and put a “nice” gift inside). This will help illustrate the
point about “judging a book by its cover.”
I Samuel 16:7 – But the LORD said to Samuel, “Do not consider his
appearance or his height, for I have rejected him. The LORD does not look at
the things man looks at. Man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD
looks at the heart.”
“The coloring consisted of dainty pinks,
creamy whites and pale blues, all running together just as the coloring in an
opal runs from one shade into another. Raggedy Andy, stooping over to look
further up inside the pretty shell, heard something.
whispering!" he said, as he raised up in surprise.”
your child ever “listened to the ocean” by holding a seashell up to their ear?
If you can get a shell to do this the best one is a conch shell. You don't even
need a seashell to hear the noise. You can produce the same "ocean" sound using
an empty cup or even by cupping your hand over your ear. Explain to your child
that seashells don’t really make any sound of their own. Inside they have many
hard curved surfaces, which reflect or bounce off sound. Any sound waves that
get inside are jumbled up by all kinds of echoes. When you hold the shell up to
your ear, you hear the noise of all those jumbled-up echoes. That does sound
much like the noise of ocean waves beating against a shore! Different shells
sound different because different shells intensify different frequencies. Change
the distance or angle at which your child places the cup or shell near their
ear. Try it in a noisy room and in a quiet room. Noise from outside the shell
also can change the intensity of the sound you hear inside the shell since it
reflects sound from its environment.
Language Arts –
Dainty – of delicate beauty; exquisite
Using Comparison to Convey a Picture -
Gruelle uses comparison to help the reader picture the scene he is writing
about. Explain this technique to your child and have them point out when he
does this as they read or listen to your read. There are several places in the
book where he does this. Here are some examples:
Have your older child write a short story using this
8--Raggedy Andy's Smile
looked up into a cheery little round face, with a little red nose and red
cheeks, and all framed in white whiskers which looked just like snow."
"This snipped the taffy into
small pieces, just as easily as you might break icicles with a few sharp taps of
Drawing Curves –
Look through the illustrations in Raggedy Andy with your child having
them point out curves and waves in the lines of the drawings. Once they can
identify curves and waves easily have them do this fun drawing activity. On a
white piece of paper have them use a pen or pencil to draw a continuous line of
loops, waves, curls, etc. When they are done have them look at what they have
drawn and find objects or shapes in it. Have them color what they find!